City of Rotterdam- City Development
Rebecca Stadhouders or Helmi Hansma
Rotterdam is a city that is always on the brink of innovation and evolution. Strategically located in a delta landscape, we have the largest port in Europe which connects us in more ways than one to rest of the world. Our port is the hub of Europe’s maritime cluster, but we also operate at global level in other economic sectors like Clean Tech, Life Sciences & Health, Energy, Agro-food, Transport & Logistics and Finance. As such we are considered an economic powerhouse within the Dutch economy.
Our 630.000 big population with 175 cultural identities can be considered extremely pluralistic (Metropolitan Rotterdam has 1,2 million residents).
The general goals of the Urban Living Lab Rotterdam are therefore setting up a city-wide green initiatives network, facilitating green and edible initiatives (for example professionalization, reducing procedural costs and technological innovations) and access to knowledge about local business opportunities and financing models.
Main challenges are streamlining responsibilities at a municipal scale and optimizing processes and interactions between the municipality and initiatives.
Oslo (683,794), the capital of Norway and the country’s largest city, is one of the fastest growing cities in Europe. Located between the Fjord and the protected Marka, the city’s geographic boundaries prohibit urban expansion outwards. Instead, Oslo is being sculpted from within through compact urban development, increasing density in existing urban centres and creating new hubs. In the face of rapid development, Oslo has prioritised access to clean air, clean water and green areas by means of sustainable planning such as creating new recreational areas through reopened waterways that were culverted as the city grew. This enables the city to better manage storm water in the wake of more frequent and heavier rainfall, but it also provides people with new green areas and plants and animals with new habitats. Oslo is also pioneering an integrated climate financing strategy, the Climate Budget, to reach its goal of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 36% by 2020 and by 95% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The city’s commitment to ensure a sustainable and climate-neutral urban development and the preservation of its blue-green character has won Oslo the title as European Green Capital 2019.
Laeufstrasse 11, 56626 Andernach
Andernach is one of the oldest cities in Germany, which celebrated its 2000th anniversary in 1988. Over the years, Andernach has developed into an attractive residential city, as the lively building activity in the past and also today shows. This development results on the one hand from the convenient and central location of the city to the surrounding metropolitan areas (Koblenz, Bonn) and on the other hand from the urban flair that Andernach offers.
Andernach started the first edible city project in 2010, when 101 tomato varieties were planted at public green spaces at the city centre. This project to illustrate the diversity of vegetable varieties was so well received by the citizens that it was continued and expanded in the following years. Fruit trees, chickens and sheep joined the vegetable sites and thus defined a colourful, lively townscape. Today, visitors and citizens can enjoy the blossoming useful plants throughout the entire city area, which they can later harvest for free. The social aspect of this concept is underlined by the involvement of long-term unemployed people in the maintenance of the edible city.
Senate Department for Urban Development and Housing
Program “Social City”/ Berlin’s Neighbourhood Management
IV B 3-11
Württembergische Straße 6, 10707 Berlin
Phone: 030 – 9(0)139-4855
Berlin is the capital and biggest city of Germany located in the east of the country. With its character as multi-ethnic and multi-functional city and its 3.75 million inhabitants Berlin is a magnet for people and business, a city that is growing and changing. Shaping the future of Berlin as a growing green metropolis is a task that touches social, economic and environmental issues at the same time.
ECS in Berlin are mostly a bottom-up movement. There are hundreds of garden and allotment communities spread all over the city. Particularly gardens are creating places for the neighborhood to meet, zones for biodiversity and extracurricular education venues. Thus these spots are valuable for the social city development. Within the project Berlin will develop a tailor-made strategy to support socially disadvantaged neighborhoods, to promote social cohesion and to improve the living conditions with ECS – especially community gardens.
Sant Feliu de Llobregat
Plaça de Lluís Companys, 1, 08980
Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spanien
92JW+H4 Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Spanien
+34 936 85 80 02
Sant Feliu de Llobregat (SFLL) (44,000 inhabitants) is a small municipality located twelve kilometres east of Barcelona in Catalonia. Key development challenges for SFLL today include: 1. ensuring the social cohesion of a population that is shaped by multiple waves of immigration, 2. revitalizing its economy that was heavily hit by the economic crisis of the late 2000, and 3. resolving a myriad of environmental problems related to its heavy industrialization during the twentieth century, including the loss of agricultural land, heritage and pollution, in addition to emerging problems such as climate change mitigation and adaptation. Over recent years, the local government has focused on transforming SFLL into a smart city with a strong focus on digitalization, social entrepreneurship, innovation, and citizenship participation in decision-making processes.
Letchworth Garden City is the world’s first garden city, located in Hertfordshire, a county just north of London in the United Kingdom, and houses around 35,000 inhabitants. The Garden City was developed according to Ebenezer Howard’s principles with a land value capture model and the conscious purpose of bring food growing and living closer together. Today, LGC is administered by the Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation (LGCHF), a community benefit society, which reinvests surplus from its property and venues-based portfolio of £4 and 4.5 million each year back into the community. The LGCHF is the major land owner in Letchworth and has its own plans and policies in place, but still requires planning permission from the relevant statutory planning authorities, the North Herts District Council and Hertfordshire County Council.
Letchworth’s challenges include financial constraints on funding, necessary resources and facilities; dealing with rising social deprivation and inequality including in the food system; supporting residents’ health and independence as the population ages; keeping a good supply of affordable and high-quality housing; and supporting a vibrant local economy. The LGCHF is working through its City Team to integrate Edible City Solution into Letchworth’s community and placemaking including developing opportunities for ECSs in its extensive open space networks to provide new jobs and training opportunities.
Municipality Šempeter – Vrtojba
Trg Ivana Roba 3 a, 5290 Šempeter pri Gorici
Phone: 05 335 10 08
The Municipality of Šempeter-Vrtojba is located on the western edge of Slovenia, right next to the Italian border, only 150 km from Venice. Green woodlands, vineyards, fields and meadows lend an air of a richly colourful scene. The Vrtojba-Bilje knolls, along with a large part of the surrounding plain offer the best conditions for viticulture, fruit farming, horticulture, green grocery and floristry. Hence, the area is also known as “The Garden of the Goriška Region”.
With a surface area of only 15 km2, is one of the smallest in Slovenia. However, with ca. 6,300 inhabitants it is placed among the largest. It has strong economic indicators, a high percentage of well-educated residents, a high standard of living as well as a high expenditure for conservation and sustainable energy. The area is also interesting as regards landscape and climate.
The local community is aware of the challenges and is taking action in order to improve the entrepreneurial culture and create an effective and completely supportive environment, to ensure the best infrastructure possible and to create an effective environment for development and innovation.
Municipality of Carthage
Phone: +216 98 43 66 69
Phone : +216 97 84 35 20
Email : haddad_maali [at] yahoo [dot] fr
Carthage is located in the Northeast of the capital of Tunisia, a city with a rich historical past. The ancient Punic city, destroyed and rebuilt by the Romans, is today a pompous suburb of Tunis. The city still has many archaeological sites, most of them Roman, classified as world heritage by UNESCO.
Due to its location, Carthage’s climate is classified as warm and temperate. The city of Carthage remains one of the leading agricultural areas in the Roman Empire, was very fertile because it enjoyed a rainfall sufficient for agricultural production, but nowadays Carthage does not have agricultural activities.
The demonstration project in the city of Carthage aims to solutions for the development of unexploited areas, (60% of the areas of the city of Carthage reserved for archaeological sites and unexploited land) to ensure sustainable urban agricultural, in particular the production of local vegetables and fruits with better quality. The project aims to spread over the whole of Carthage territory an edible city in order to exploit all archeological areas actually idle to develop an economic activity through urban agriculture.
508 AV. Nicolas Grunitzky, Lomé
The City of Lomé is the capital city of Togo with about 2 million inhabitants. It is located in the south of Togo by the sea with an autonomous, modern and deep-water port which constitute the prime economic activity. Lomé is also the most important site in the so-called modern sector. This the number of inhabitants has doubled in recent years, the suburbs are expanding more and more to the north and southeast. The city of Lomé has a tropical and humid climate and experiences flooding during the rainy season due to the city being lower compared to the level of the sea. On average the temperature in Lomé is 26.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 859 millimetres.
The Edible Cities Network Project, a pilot project for the city of Lomé, aims to contribute to the improvement of eating habits in order to preserve the health of the citizens of Lomé. Vegetable gardens and fruit trees in the city not only provide leisure areas, shade, but also vegetable and fruit buying points for school canteens, all households for the development of urban agriculture. This project will also provide some jobs for the municipalities to fight youth unemployment. A network of NGOs promoting an organic environment and consumption will be set up to ensure the success of the project.
Montevideo is the capital of Uruguay and is located on the banks of the Rio de la Plata. With an area of 530 square kilometers, nearly 60% of which is rural and a population of almost 1.5 million inhabitants.
The urban area has multiple green spaces, of which 60% are in custody of institutions that offer services for the benefit of the community. At the same time, its streets and avenues are full of trees that contrast with almost twice as many vehicles that circulate in the city.
In contrast, in the deteriorated old town of Montevideo to counteract the strong social problems and lack of public green spaces for young and old people, civil initiatives are developing gardening projects. The local government promotes urban agriculture through primary schools to encourage environmental education. The Ministry of Education and Culture recently launched the “Plantar es cultura” (“Planting is culture”) programme to support community gardens and agro-biodiversity.
The Ministry of Education and Culture is partner of the EdiCitnet and works in close coordination with the Municipality of Montevideo and other actors to execute the project in an integral and inter-institutional way.
HAVANA (2.1 million inhabitants) is an exceptional example for urban agriculture on large scale. After the break of the soviet bloc Havana fell into the worst economic crises in history. Since 1994 a governmental strategy made Havana by now to the most successful examples of urban agriculture worldwide. More than half of the consumed food is grown organically on-site. At first, yields were low, owing to lack of farming experience and inputs. But with strong government support, urban agriculture was rapidly transformed from a spontaneous response to food insecurity to a national priority. Urban farmers in Havana use predominately low tech technologies and practices achieving yields of up to 20 kg per m2, 10 fold higher yields than commonly achieved in mixed stands small scale agriculture. Among the used technologies are drip irrigation, organoponics, regular addition of compost and other good horticultural practices (e.g. the use of well-adapted varieties, mixed cropping, crop rotation and integrated pest management). In the process, Havana has also become a pioneer in a worldwide transition to sustainable agriculture that produces ’more with less’. This example shows how ECS can be mainstreamed in a city and provides up-scaling and feasibility knowledge in a Living Lab, accompanied by huge experience on urban planning level and strategic implementation.